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Outlook of cedi to depend on whether Ghana reaches agreement with IMF


The outlook of the Ghana cedi will depend on whether Ghana will reach an agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and obtain funding in the months ahead.

According to Fitch Solutions November 2022 West Africa Monitor Report, though it expects the cedi to remain on a depreciatory trajectory in the immediate term, the outlook depends on whether Ghana reaches an agreement with the IMF for a programme.

“Although we expect that the cedi will remain on a depreciatory trajectory in the immediate term, the outlook depends on whether Ghana will reach an agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and obtain funding in the months ahead. In July 2022”.

The country announced in July 2022, it was seeking economic support from the IMF to address the present economic challenges.

Fitch Solutions pointed out that though it believes that the two parties will reach a deal in the 4th quarter of 2022, there are downside risks to this view which would have negative implications for the cedi.

It stressed that the reason the Ghana cedi has suffered rapid depreciation this year is due to downgrades of its credit rating by the international rating agencies.

This is on the back of the country’s poor fiscal economy as a result of high-interest payments, rising debt levels and large fiscal deficit, forcing foreign holders of Ghana’s bonds to sell off.

Fitch Solutions concluded that with Ghana being unable to tap international capital markets, the country’s foreign exchange reserves fell to 3.4 months of import cover in June 2022, which will continue to limit the Bank of Ghana’s ability to defend the exchange rate over the coming months.

“With Ghana being unable to tap international capital markets to finance the deficit, the country’s foreign exchange reserves have fallen to $7.7 billion (3.4 months of import cover) in June 2022, from $9.8 billion in January 2022, which will continue to limit the Bank of Ghana (BoG)’s ability to defend the exchange rate over the coming months”.

Meanwhile, the cedi is still going for ¢14.60 to a dollar this morning. It is also still selling at ¢16. 65 pesewas to the pound.

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